2014 Future of Adversarial and Inquisitorial Systems Conference: Pre-Conference for Young Scholars

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Thursday, April 10, 2014

10:00 AM

4:00 PM

UNC - FPG Student Union

Juvenile Criminal Justice and Human Rights: International and Transnational Perspectives   

At the main conference this year established scholars from North America and the European Union will meet to explore juvenile justice in a comparative context. This will include the extent to which distinctions between juvenile and adult criminal offenders are acknowledged; the approach to prevention of juvenile delinquency; the minimum age of criminal responsibility; the extent to which minors require different and additional procedural rights to adults; and developments in non-formal approaches to juvenile crime.  Some jurisdictions provide for a separate legal regime for children between the ages of 10 and 17, with separate procedures, judges and courts.  Some even eschew the criminal regime completely, avoiding the stigma of criminal charges, but also the safeguards of criminal procedure.

Minors are involved in transnational crimes, whether as victims (for example, in human trafficking) or as perpetrators (for example, in drug trafficking or as child soldiers or child pirates).  In this sphere, as in the domestic, the separation between victim and perpetrator is sometimes unclear. Minors are particularly vulnerable subjects, but the concept of ‘transnational juvenile criminal justice’ is not yet a well-defined concept and the transposition of domestic constructions of child criminality into the international context of the ICC is under-developed. Through the topic of human trafficking, this pre-conference session explores issues of transnational criminalization and the different legal responses of national jurisdictions.  Secondly, focusing on child soldiers, it considers the international criminal justice response to child perpetrators of crimes against humanity, and the arguments for treating these children as victims and/or as perpetrators.

Although children have received some attention from the international community, when it comes to transnational and/or international crimes such as human trafficking or the recruitment of child soldiers, the legal framework is far from fully developed.

Through the themes of human trafficking and children in armed conflict, such as child soldiers we can explore the notion of children as perpetrators, victims and witnesses within the framework of international criminal justice or comparative criminal justice.

Further details to come, registration will open in Spring 2014. Sponsored by the UNC European Union Center of Excellence and UNC School of Law's Office of Continuing Legal Education.

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