Criminal Justice and Human Rights: International and Transnational
At the main conference this year established scholars from
North America and the European Union will meet to explore juvenile justice in a
This will include
the extent to which distinctions between juvenile and adult criminal offenders
are acknowledged; the approach to prevention of juvenile delinquency; the
minimum age of criminal responsibility; the extent to which minors require
different and additional procedural rights to adults; and developments in
non-formal approaches to juvenile crime. Some jurisdictions provide for a separate legal regime for children
between the ages of 10 and 17, with separate procedures, judges and
courts. Some even eschew the criminal
regime completely, avoiding the stigma of criminal charges, but also the
safeguards of criminal procedure.
Minors are involved in transnational crimes, whether as
victims (for example, in human trafficking) or as perpetrators (for example, in
drug trafficking or as child soldiers or child pirates). In this sphere, as in the domestic, the
separation between victim and perpetrator is sometimes unclear. Minors are
particularly vulnerable subjects, but the concept of ‘transnational juvenile
criminal justice’ is not yet a well-defined concept and the transposition of
domestic constructions of child criminality into the international context of
the ICC is under-developed. Through the topic of human trafficking, this
pre-conference session explores issues of transnational criminalization and the
different legal responses of national jurisdictions. Secondly, focusing on child soldiers, it
considers the international criminal justice response to child perpetrators of
crimes against humanity, and the arguments for treating these children as victims
and/or as perpetrators.
Although children have received some attention from the
international community, when it comes to transnational and/or international
crimes such as human trafficking or the recruitment of child soldiers, the
legal framework is far from fully developed.
Through the themes of human trafficking and children in
armed conflict, such as child soldiers we can explore the notion of children as
perpetrators, victims and witnesses within the framework of international
criminal justice or comparative criminal justice.
Further details to come, registration will open in Spring
2014. Sponsored by the UNC European Union Center of Excellence and UNC School
of Law's Office of Continuing Legal Education.